The foreign trade situation is still severe, and the industry is still looking forward to stronger stimulus policies
the foreign trade situation is still severe, and the industry is looking forward to stronger stimulus policies
China Construction machinery information
Guide: echoing the foreign trade data in August, the foreign investment absorption data released by the Ministry of Commerce yesterday morning is also worrying. In August, 2100 foreign-invested enterprises were newly established, a year-on-year decrease of 12.72%; The actual amount of foreign capital used was US $8.326 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 1.43%, continuing the downward trend of the previous two months
echoing the foreign trade data in August, the foreign investment absorption data released by the Ministry of Commerce yesterday morning was also worrying
2100 foreign-invested enterprises were newly established in August, a year-on-year decrease of 12.72%; The actual amount of foreign capital used was US $8.326 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 1.43%, continuing the downward trend of the previous two months. In the future, xpressn lux is a thermoforming material, and its export for several months is still not optimistic
"on the whole, as the world economy continues to decline, the external demand in the next few months may be weaker than that in the previous eight months. At the same time, there are still many uncertain and unstable factors in the trade environment. Therefore, the foreign trade situation is still grim." Shendanyang, spokesman of the Ministry of Commerce, told the audience at yesterday's monthly regular press conference
as for the eight policies for stabilizing the growth of Foreign Trade issued by the State Council and the "several opinions of the general office of the State Council on promoting the stable growth of foreign trade" (hereinafter referred to as the "opinions"), he believes that they will play a positive role in stabilizing the growth of foreign trade
however, for many people in the trade industry, the current policies may temporarily reduce the burden on some small and micro enterprises in the short term, but it is difficult to completely reverse the current downturn in foreign trade. People close to policy makers said that if the export sector is still so depressed by the end of the year, the country is likely to use more direct means such as raising export tax rebates to stimulate growth
the challenge of "ensuring ten" throughout the year
the total import and export volume increased by 10% throughout the year. This goal, which was not difficult to achieve when it was formulated at the beginning of the year, really needs to be carefully examined at present
according to the latest data of the customs, China's total import and export value in the first eight months was 2497.62 billion US dollars, an increase of 6.2% year-on-year. If we want to achieve the goal of "ensuring ten", it means that the growth rate of each month in the next four months will be about 15%. In the view of a considerable number of people in the foreign trade industry, it is almost an impossible task under the current weak external demand expectation
a person from the chamber of Commerce for import and export said that at the beginning, the trading system believed that the export of this year would be "low before high", but it was found that the export was declining all the way, and continued to fall below expectations, and it was still the case in the third quarter
according to the data of attracting foreign investment from January to August disclosed by the Ministry of Commerce yesterday, the performance of the export sector in the future is also worrying: this means that the investment in China of the 27 EU countries fell by 4.1% year-on-year from January to August this year, and the investment in China of the United States fell by 2.85% year-on-year from January to August this year. Hong Kong, the most important capital transit station for entering the mainland, also fell by 8.52%. Although Japan increased by 16.2%, the growth rate was significantly lower than the 50% growth rate in 2011 (country and region data include investment in China through free ports)
Shen Danyang said that the development of foreign trade this year is facing a severe situation. The State Council has issued a series of policies. On September 12, the executive meeting of the State Council passed eight major policies and measures. Now the Ministry of commerce is paying close attention to the implementation, and will soon issue documents, which can stabilize the confidence of foreign trade enterprises and believe that it will play a positive role in stabilizing the development of foreign trade
Liuhua Group Guangdong Zhongcheng Chemical Co., Ltd., the world's largest manufacturer of insurance powder, has been shrouded in a gloomy atmosphere since this year. Yang Xiaochuan, deputy manager of the company, pointed out to this newspaper that the performance of the two peak seasons of "summer back to school" and "Christmas orders" this year is not very good. Although the second peak season has improved, from the perspective of the overall market recovery, he expects that the external market will not recover slowly until 2014-2015
recently, Yang Xiaochuan attended the international chemical conference in Tianjin. According to the information exchanged at the meeting, since this year, there have been many enterprises with declining profits and even operating at a loss in the whole industry. Trapped in the peripheral market, it is generally expected that it will be more difficult next year, and the next two years will be the most difficult period
the policy of promoting foreign trade needs to be refined and strengthened
on the 18th, the government issued the above-mentioned opinions on promoting foreign trade, but it is still considered by industry insiders that it needs to be further strengthened
the aforementioned "car seats are also all plastic. The decision-maker told this newspaper that when seeking opinions from enterprises and doing policy research, he had considered adjusting the export tax rebate rate, the most direct and effective way to boost foreign trade. The difference is only that he prefers the electromechanical industry with high added value, or the labor-intensive industry that solves the problem of employment population, such as prevention and light industry.
"However, these policies were not finally introduced due to the decline in fiscal revenue." She said, "however, if foreign trade continues to decline more than expected by the end of the year, the government may have to introduce more stimulating policies."
zhaozhongxiu of the University of international business and economics suggested to this newspaper that on top of the current "accelerating the progress of tax rebate", we should also cooperate with the reform of the export tax rebate system
in the past, the export tax rebate rate was used as a tool to adjust the export growth rate, and the way of levying and retreating was implemented. For example, a manufacturer produced in Hunan was first levied link tax and final consumption tax in Hunan. To export through Shanghai port, in addition to the 92.5% export tax rebate refunded by the central government, the Shanghai local government also needs to bear 7.5% of the export tax rebate
"the process of levying and returning to reduce the friction and wear between the moving surfaces of parts involves two places, which is chaotic and often lasts for about a year, which not only hits the enthusiasm of local governments in shipping port cities such as Shanghai," Zhao Zhongxiu said, "For enterprises, in fact, they occupy the funds of enterprises without cost, especially for small and medium-sized foreign trade enterprises with tight funds."
in addition, none of these eight articles involves exchange rate adjustment
Shen Danyang's response yesterday also showed the complexity of policy coordination. He said, "as for the issue of RMB exchange rate, some enterprises do reflect that they hope that the RMB exchange rate will move in a direction conducive to the development of foreign trade. However, the issue of RMB exchange rate is a complex one that needs to be comprehensively studied by relevant departments, especially finance, banking, monetary and other departments, according to the principle of marketization."Lu Zhengwei, chief economist of Industrial Bank, told this newspaper that an important reason for the unexpected decline in exports is that the real effective exchange rate of the RMB is still high against the background of weak external demand
as for the state of high RMB exchange rate, Political Commissar Lu believes that we must find ways to correct it, because only by correcting the state of high RMB exchange rate can China's current tension of foreign demand be eased
"after the launch of qe3 in the United States, the dollar weakened, which provided us with a breathing space of the band. Under the condition that the adjustment of the foreign trade structure has reached a consensus between local governments and enterprises, it is no longer necessary for us to press enterprises with a high exchange rate. If we continue to press, enterprises will lose breathing space, and enterprises will no longer have the ability to make technological progress, but will be crushed." He said
Wei Jianguo, former Vice Minister of the Ministry of Commerce and Secretary General of the China Center for international economic exchanges, said, "since it will take three months as soon as the general new policies are introduced, the sooner the better."